• Safer for the dura, cranial sinuses and orbital contents
  • Reduced risk of CSF leak
  • Minimal bone loss /gap, better aesthetical outcome
  • Less need for fixations/bur holes (no cranial perforator)
  • Less need for dural substitutes
  • Faster bone healing


  • Reduced blood loss (blood-free surgical site)
  • Less need to distract dura and orbital contents
  • Easy and precise shaping of bone flaps

surgical applications chart

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